Geography and History, page | Earlham College
Key Dates, COVID-19 Safety Protocols Announced for Fall. | READ MORE
Skip to Content

Geography and History

Indonesia is an island nation that stretches between Thailand to the northeast and Australia to the southeast, extending 3,200 miles from east to west, whose population ranks just behind that of the United States.  Java is just one of some 3000 inhabited islands in the country. About the size of Florida, it has a population of roughly 136 million:  as the world’s most populous island, it is home to 57% of Indonesia’s inhabitants.  It is a fertile, equatorial land of high volcanoes and rich alluvial plains, of dense, modern cities and bucolic villages. 

The region has long been at the crossroads of foreign influences:  South Asians, Chinese, Arabs, and Europeans have all left their marks over the centuries.  In 1945 Indonesia declared independence from the Netherlands, which had gradually gained control over the archipelago over a period of 350 years.  Java's centralized kingdoms, built on an Indian concentric model since ancient times, were maintained under Dutch rule.  Since Independence, the royal courts have continued to exist but are much diminished in their opulence and influence.

Print Friendly and PDF

Earlham College, an independent, residential college, aspires to provide the highest-quality undergraduate education in the liberal arts and sciences, shaped by the distinctive perspectives of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).

Earlham College
801 National Road West
Richmond, Indiana
1-765-983-1200 — Main Switchboard
1-800-EARLHAM (327-5426) — Admission


Earlham admits students of any race, color, national and ethnic origin, age, gender and sexual orientation to all the rights, privileges, programs, and activities generally accorded or made available to students at the school. It does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national and ethnic origin, age, gender and sexual orientation in administration of its educational policies, admissions policies, scholarship and loan programs, and athletic and other school-administered programs.