REL 144 BIBLE IN POLITICS (3 credits)The Bible is the foundational sacred text for more than 2 billion people — and a source of political conflict, ethical dispute and cultural inspiration. This introductory course focuses not only on the historical and geographical contexts in which the Bible arose, but on its "afterlives" as well. This course will consider the variety of ways in which the Bible is employed in contemporary political and geopolitical conflicts, and its influence on modern literature. Also listed as JWST 144.
*REL 150 EARLHAM SEMINAR (4 credits) Offered for first-year students. Topics vary. (ES)
*REL 155 HEBREW SCRIPTURES (4 credits) An examination of the religion of Israel expressed in selected portions of the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament) in light of the results of modern critical study and within the context of ancient Near Eastern culture and history. Prerequisite: An Earlham Seminar or consent of the instructor. Also listed as JWST 155. (WI, D-I)
REL 160 FRIENDS COLLOQUIUM (1 credit) Once a week hour-long discussion of a Quaker text, past or present.
*REL 165 NEW TESTAMENT (4 credits) A close reading of the entire New Testament, with the goal of understanding its messages in historical context. Attention given to various theories of interpretation, the theological and ethical import of scripture, other influential and suppressed early Christian writings, the role of women in the Jesus Movement, and cultivation of one's own informed perspective. (D-I)
*REL 171 SACRED INDIA: TRADITION AND TRANSFORMATION (4 credits) An encounter with the poets, pilgrims, gurus, gods, goddesses and ordinary devotees of major Indian Traditions, including Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, and Tibetan Buddhism. Explores the sacred texts of the Vedas, the Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita; the epic Ramayana; everyday worship practices at home, in the temple and on the road; contemporary sages; and Hindu nationalism. Includes several films, including Gandhi and Kundun. (D-I) (AY)
*REL 172 BUDDHIST TRADITIONS: CONTEMPORARY MASTERS - PRACTICUM (4 credits) Introduction through teachings, films and videos, and memoir to the three Buddhist "turnings of the wheel": Theravadan Buddhism in India, Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia; Tibetan Tantric Buddhism; and Zen in East Asia. Students will learn methods of meditation, maintain a journal, and discuss readings and experiences together. Also listed as JPNS 172. (D-I) (AY)
*REL 180 ISLAM (4 credits) Topics include the early community and the life of Muhammad, portions of the Qur'an, the historical development of Islamic civilization, Sufism and issues in the contemporary Islamic world (such as the role of women, the nature of jihad and Islam's relationship to other religions). (D-I) (AY)
*REL 204 NEW PROMISED LAND (3 credits)The first Jews set foot on American soil in 1584, and Jewish understanding of the United States and its non-Jewish majority have been complicated ever since. This course explores the history, sociology and theology of American Judaism from the colonial period to the present day with a particular focus on the Jewish minority experience and the evolution of Jewish-Christian relationship. Students also will consider themes of Jewish activism, the rise of the congregational denominations, the appeal of nostalgia, and the development of a particularly Jewish-American culture and cuisine. Also listed as JWST 204 and HIST 204. (D-D)
REL 205 INTRODUCTION TO QUAKER HISTORY (3 credits)An introduction to the history of the Religious Society of Friends from the 1640s to the present. Particular attention will be given to Quakers as activists and reformers and the role of Earlham in Quaker history. Also listed as HIST 205.
*REL 209 RELIGION AND POPULAR LITERATURE IN THE UNITED STATES (3 credits)This course will examine popular religious literature published in the United States — such as The Autobiography of Malcolm X and the Left Behind series — and ask how it embraces or pushes against established religious traditions and literary norms. Students will investigate how authors use different literary genres to explore religious belief, practice and community. Appropriate for first-year students. Also listed as ENG 209. (D-D, WI)
*REL 210 QUAKERISM (3 or 4 credits) An introduction to the Quaker movement and its key figures and historical turning points. Focuses on the distinctive aspects of Quaker theology, including the range of views and the current areas of debate. Students become familiar with aspects of worship, business procedures and the testimonies as they are currently being practiced by Quakers "in the neighborhood" and around the world. (WI when taken for 4 credits.)
*REL 230 HISTORY OF AFRICAN AMERICAN RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCES (4 credits) An introductory survey of the central historical events, people and faith perspectives that have shaped African American (or Black) religious experiences in the United States. Includes the Middle Passage and "New World" Slavery, The Great Awakening and later Revival(s), Emancipation, Reconstruction, migration and urbanization; Jim/Jane Crow, Civil Rights, Black Power and Black Humanism. Also listed as AAAS 230. (D-D) (AY)
*REL 232 WOMEN, GENDER AND SEXUALITY IN THE JEWISH TRADITION (3 credits)How has the Jewish tradition weighed in on issues of gender and sexuality, and how have issues in gender and sexuality shaped and challenged the Jewish tradition? This course explores issues of sexuality, gender norms, marriage and divorce, feminism, and queer activism in the context of the Jewish tradition from antiquity to the present. This course will focus particularly on the relationship between Jewish sacred texts and the communities who read them; the rise of Jewish feminism and LGBTQ civil rights; and ethnographic accounts of contemporary Jewish communities in the U.S., Israel and Palestine, and North Africa. Also listed as JWST 232 and WGSS 232. (DI)
REL 243 ISLAM AND FILM (4 credits) This course explores Islam as portrayed in selected films, most from regions with a historically significant Muslim population, and some from the West. Through the films and readings students will explore gay and lesbian life in various Muslim countries, women’s roles in Afghanistan under the Taliban, relationships between historically Muslim countries and the West, tensions between Muslim, non-Muslim culture in India and Pakistan, and more. Prerequisite: Earlham Seminar. Also listed as FILM 243.
*REL 286 JUDAISM (4 credits) An introduction to the major texts, themes, ritual practices, and holidays of the Jewish tradition from its inception to the present. The course is divided into three main sections: 1) the Jewish textual tradition; 2) the Jewish liturgical calendar; and 3) Jewish life-cycle events and daily practices. By looking at a variety of accounts of the tradition — textual, theological, autobiographical, ethnographic — we will examine the similarities and differences between Judaism as it is presented “on the page” and the way it is understood and practiced by Jews today. We will also consider some themes and events in twentieth-century Jewry including the Holocaust, the creation of the State of Israel, and Jewish participation in the feminist movement. Also listed as JWST 286 (D-I)
*REL 299 RELIGION AND CULTURE OF HIP HOP (4 credits) Bringing to bear written texts, music, film and other media sources, this course explores the definition and moral significance of Hip Hop as a religious and cultural phenomenon within popular culture. Specific issues explored in this course include the syncretism of religious symbols and sensibilities in Hip Hop; the racial, ethnic, sex-gendered, and class dynamics of Hip Hop; as well as the language and aesthetics of Hip Hop. Also listed as AAAS 299 and FILM 299. (D-D)
REL 301 RELIGION MAJORS AND MINORS COLLOQUIUM (1 credit)Discussions will focus on the intersections among courses in Religion and courses in other disciplines with religious content or implications. Meet once a week during fall semester. Required for majors and minors in Religion. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and above.
*REL 303 HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE MUSLIM WORLD (4 credits)This course is motivated by several questions to which students will be trusted to develop their own answers. Questions include: What is Islam? What are human rights? How do Muslims embody human rights? How much variation is there in how Muslims articulate and enact human rights? Prerequisite: POLS 111 and ES 150. Also listed as POL 303 and PAGS 303. (WI)
*REL 304 JUDAISM, THE OTHER AND STATE: ENCOUNTERS IN MODERN JEWISH THOUGHT (3 credits)What does it mean to be Jewish in the modern world? This seminar considers the political and theological challenges of modern Judaism, from European Jewish emancipation to the present day. The class will discuss the rise of Jewish voices in the public sphere; the complex relationship between modern Jewish and Christianity, conflicts over history, science and biblical interpretation and the rise of Jewish nationalism. Students also will consider how the Jewish minority experience compares to experiences of other religious and cultural minorities in the modern West. Also listed as JWST 304 and GER 304. (D-I, WI)
REL 305 SEMINAR (4 credits) Topics determined by the instructor. Recent topics have included: Religion and Culture of Hip Hop; Sex; Ethics of Jesus; Quakers and the Mystical Traditions; Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X (El Hajj Malik El Shabazz); Black and Womanist Theology; Topics in Islam; Religions of the African Diaspora; Quaker Women; “Human Nature” and Social Change. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and above.
REL 309 PROPHETIC BLACK WOMEN (3 credits) This course is a study of Black religious women in the U.S., and how they wrote about their religious beliefs and experiences. Students will encounter leaders who changed or led established movements such as Zilpha Elaw and Jarena Lee, women who had religious visions such as Shaker Rebecca Cox Jackson, and literary writers who interrogated religious groups and practices such as Nella Larsen. Students will be asked to consider how religious belief and practice might shape the way people conceptualize what it means to be a Black woman in the U.S. Also listed as AAAS 309 and ENG 309.
*REL 310 IS RELIGION "T(t)RUE"? (4 credits) A critical survey of influential modern proposals concerning the nature, function and value of religion in human life. Engages students in close primary and secondary readings and analysis of (representative) major figures and themes in the global study of religion, both academically and confessionally. Incorporates resources from philosophy, theology, the social sciences and cultural studies. Prerequisite: Earlham Seminar I and II and consent of the instructor for non-Religion and Philosophy majors and minors. (D-I)
REL 315 BIBLICAL SEMINAR (4 credits) An advanced textual study and exegesis in one or more biblical books, or study in biblical theology. Biblical courses at Earlham School of Religion may be credited under this listing.
REL 320 PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION (4 credits) A philosophical investigation into the phenomenon of religion, including an examination of the problems of meaning and truth in religious language and praxis. Also listed as PHIL 320.
REL 325 RELIGION AND PSYCHOLOGY (4 credits) An exploration of intersections between religion and psychology with attention to the nature of self and wholeness in multiple traditions, "West" and "East." Topics will typically include Western psychologies and science of mind in dialogue with the Hindu understandings of Soul and Buddhist theories of consciousness. Prerequisite: Earlham Seminar I and II and one Religion course or consent of the instructor. (AY)
*REL 330 MASS INCARCERATION AND MORAL VISION (4 credits) A critical examination of the social functions and theories of contemporary criminal justice in the United States. Special attention to the collateral social consequences of the "prison industrial complex," paramilitary policing and the death penalty. Fosters moral interpretations that contribute to popular movements for positive change. Prerequisites: Earlham Seminar I and II. Also listed as AAAS 330 and PAGS 331. (D-D) (AY)
*REL 333 GENDER AND SEXUALITY IN MUSLIM MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA (4 credits)The overarching goal of the course is to unpack the many ways in which Arab Muslims have embodied genders and to explore the range of intimate practices that constitute “sexuality” in the present and past. This course is decidedly interdisciplinary and is structured by categorical inquiry into the meanings and practices of gender and sexuality. Prerequisite: POLS 111. Also listed as AAAS 333 and POLS 333. (D-I)
*REL 342 HISTORICAL CHRISTIANITY (4 credits) Examines the Christian tradition from the Jesus Movement to the 21st century, taking account of global trajectories but focusing on the Mediterranean and Europe. Topics include origins of the faith; the formation and practices of the first Christian communities; martyrs, monks, mystics, scholars and pilgrims; historical and theological developments in the Western and Eastern Orthodox churches; Christian engagement with Judaism and Islam; reforms of the 16th century, and modern challenges. Prerequisite: Earlham Seminar I and II and at least one course in Religion or consent of the instructor. (WI) (AY) REL 360 WORLD FAITHS, WORLD NEWS (4 credits) Considers the religious aspects of crucial current events, explores emerging religious movements, analyzes ongoing developments within religious groups world-wide, and tries to make (some) sense of it all. Topics typically include: cyber-ethics, fundamentalism, religious pluralism, liberation theologies, post-modern critiques of religion and New Religious Movements. Required of Religion majors. Prerequisite: Coursework or experience in Religion, Peace and Global Studies, Politics, Journalism, or activism with consent of the instructor. Also listed as PAGS 360.
*REL 380 RELIGIONS OF EAST ASIA (4 credits) An exploration of the religious and philosophical thought and practice of East Asia, including Popular, Shinto, Confucian, Taoist and Buddhist traditions as manifested in the classical periods of cultural development as well as contemporary society. Prerequisite: One course in Religion (preferably in World Religions), one course in Japanese Studies or consent of the instructor. Also listed as JPNS 380. (D-I)
*REL 425 RELIGIOUS RESPONSES TO WAR AND VIOLENCE (4 credits) Considers the impact of Asian religions and Jewish and Christian teachings on social conflict, and the history of teachings on war, social violence and nonviolent resistance, with case histories from the Quakers, Gandhi and other figures. Prerequisites: One course in both Religion and History, Sociology/Anthropology or Psychology. (D-I) (AY)
REL 440 FEMINIST / WOMANIST THEOLOGY (4 credits) Traces the histories of women in the church and explores the emergence of feminist/womanist theology in the 20th century. Focuses on current feminist/womanist thought and action in today's societies. Also listed as AAAS 440 and WGSS 440. (AY)
REL 481 INTERNSHIPS, FIELD STUDIES AND OTHER FIELD EXPERIENCES (1-3 credits)
REL 482 SPECIAL TOPICS (4 credits) Selected topics determined by the instructor for upper-level study.
REL 483 TEACHING ASSISTANTS (1-3 credits)
REL 484 FORD/KNIGHT RESEARCH PROJECT (1-4 credits) Collaborative research with faculty funded by the Ford/Knight Program.
REL 485 INDEPENDENT STUDY (1-3 credits) Investigation of a specific topic conceived and planned by the student in consultation with a faculty supervisor. Culminates in a comprehensive report prepared in the style of a thesis or research paper.
REL 488 SENIOR CAPSTONE EXPERIENCE: RESEARCH SEMINAR (4 credits) A two-semester research seminar designed to provide an informative, structured and supportive group environment for the preparation and oral defense of a major research project in the study of religion. Class time devoted to identifying, developing and accomplishing this project in conversation with one another and faculty. The paper and oral interview fulfill the Senior Capstone. Prerequisite: Senior standing or consent of the instructor.