CLL 151 SELF-DIRECTED LANGUAGE STUDY (3 credits)This course combines independent study with the structure of a class to allow students to learn a language not offered at Earlham. Students choose their language, set learning goals, locate materials,and help determine how progress is evaluated. All students complete a presentation, a mapping project, a connections project, and a reflective journal. Learning is measured in part through external means such as online tests. Students must have learned English in high school and have an overall GPA of 3.0 or higher. Prerequisites: Sophomore standing or above, placement into 300-level course in a language Earlham offers, Earlham language course at 102 level or higher with grade of A- or A, a semester or year off-campus program with significant language component, or permission of the instructor.
CLL 345 LINGUISTICS (3 credits)Introduces students to the nature of human language: its use, evolution and diversity. Approaches language as a system of communication and human behavior. Provides students practice in using certain basic skills when thinking about language: analyzing data, making generalizations, proposing hypotheses, providing argumentation and formulating proposals
CLL 348 SOCIOLINGUISTICS (3 credits)Designed to help students interested in language learn how language functions in a social context. Topics include language and cultural meaning, connections between language variation and geographical/ethnic backgrounds, social class and social networks, age and gender, forms of address and politeness, non-verbal communication, language for social change, and language education and policy. Also listed as TESO 348. (D-I) (AY)
CLL 407 TRANSLATION: THEORY AND PRACTICE (3 credits)Students consider a range of issues in translation including comparative stylistics, text types, machine translation and gender in translation. In addition to readings, discussion and research on particular aspects of translation, students design and carry out individual and group translation projects. Prerequisites: Three years of a language or equivalent, or permission of the instructor. (AY)
CLL 480 COLLOQUIUM (1 credit)Through readings, lectures, discussions and research on practical and theoretical aspects of language, students develop a critical understanding of linguistic and cultural differences, connect to other disciplines through languages, and begin to identify a literary, linguistic, and/or cultural topic in preparation for their senior capstone experience.
CLL 481 FIELD STUDY PRACTICUM/INTERNSHIP (0-3 credits)An internship or practicum organized by the student in consultation with the adviser. Credits for the experience must be negotiated between the adviser and the on-site supervisor. The experience involves one of the following: (a) teaching or tutoring a second language, (b) a special research project or (c) interpreting / translation. Depending on the experience, students enhance their communicative skills, develop a critical understanding of linguistic and cultural differences, connect to other disciplines through languages, come to a deeper understanding of the role of translation in cross-cultural communication, and/or reflect on career and life goals.
CLL 488 SENIOR CAPSTONE EXPERIENCE (3 credits)Students complete a comprehensive thesis that is comparative in nature and present their work publicly. For their thesis, they analyze complex literary, visual, and/or cultural texts in a comparative framework; demonstrate their knowledge of and engagement with sociolinguistic, literary, and cultural theories and methodologies; locate and use quality information correctly; and produce oral and written argumentations on a literary, linguistic, and/or cultural topic.
*ENG 364 POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURE (4 credits) An examination of the widely-debated term "post-colonialism" and its relation to other intersecting terms and critical concepts, such as the "Commonwealth," "Third World," "imperialism," "Orientalism" and "neocolonialism." Uses literatures from Africa, the Caribbean and South Asia to explore questions such as: How have writers from the previously colonized world used literature to respond to the economic, political and cultural realities of (de)colonization? What does it mean to "write back" to the Empire? Authors include Chinua Achebe, Ngugi Wa Thiong'O, Jean Rhys, Mahasweta Devi and critical essays by Frantz Fanon, Edward Said and Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, among others. Includes attention to issues of empire, nation, race, class, gender and sexuality. Prerequisite: 200-level English course or consent of instructor. (D-I)
JAPN 351 TEACHING JAPANESE AS A SECOND LANGUAGE (3 credits) Introduction of basic current principles of language learning and teaching, and unique features of Japanese. Students practice teaching in drill sessions in Basic and Intermediate Japanese courses on campus and/or teaching in elementary schools. Taught in Japanese and English. Prerequisite: Advanced language courses or consent of the instructor.
*JAPN 422 JAPANESE LINGUISTICS (3 credits) Investigates the origin, writing system, sound system, word formation and structure of Japanese language as well as the relationships between language and culture. Taught in Japanese and English. Prerequisite: Advanced language courses or consent of the instructor. (D-I) (AY)
*JAPN 431 LITERACY IN JAPANESE (3 credits) Examines the writing system of Japanese from psycholinguistic and pedagogical viewpoints. Includes an overview of writing systems around the world and their evolutions. (RCH, D-I) (AY)
*PHIL 252 PHILOSOPHY AND FILM THEORY (4 credits) Investigates the relationship between philosophical ideas and visual narratives. Examines the philosophical foundations of various theories of film and interprets visual narratives in terms of philosophical ideas. Also listed as FILM 252. (WI)
*PHIL 330 POSTCOLONIAL THEORY (4 credits) A study of selected topics in Postcolonial Theory. Investigates the philosophical presuppositions of these topics and the relationship between Modern philosophy and European Colonialism. Prerequisite: One prior Philosophy course. Also listed as FILM 330 and PAGS 330. (WI, D-I)
*PHIL 365 PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE (3 credits) Examines current topics in the philosophy of language as discussed in both the continental and analytic traditions of philosophy. Topics include the origin of language, question of meaning, relationship of language and the world, relationship between language and human subjectivity, question of ambiguity in dialogue, evolution of language in community and feminist critique of linguistic philosophy. Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. (WI)
PHIL 460 CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHY (4 credits) Covers a number of the main figures and movements in 20th- and 21st-century continental philosophy. Figures studied may include Derrida, Foucault, Gadamer, Habermas, Heidegger, Husserl, Merleau-Ponty, Sartre and Wittgenstein. Movements studied may include classical phenomenology, hermeneutics, existentialism, feminism, critical theory, philosophy of language and contemporary epistemology. Some analytic philosophers may be read to explore the relationship between analytic and continental philosophy.
SOAN 341 CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL THOUGHT (4 credits) Explores emerging trends in social theory and their relation to classical theory. Each year emphasizes a different problem such as power and culture, structure and agency, or determinism and anti-essentialism. Readings and discussion focus on developing the students' ability to recognize subtle differences that define theoretical perspective. Also listed as PAGS 341.
SPAN 336 LINGUISTICS, LANGUAGE, AND PEDAGOGY (3 credits)A general introduction to the field of linguistics or pedagogy as it relates to Spanish. Topics vary. May be taken more than once if different topics. Topics may include phonetics, phonology, morphology and syntax in Spanish, practical applications for understanding and improving students' own language skills as well as issues for teaching Spanish to English speakers or English to Spanish speakers. Prerequisite: SPAN 301 or placement or consent of the instructor.
*SPAN 406 TOPICS IN LINGUISTICS (3 credits)Designed to study of aspects of Spanish linguistics, including semantics, historical linguistics, regional variations, dialects and creoles, translation, and Spanish in the U.S. Students will perform independent research projects in areas of their choice. Prerequisite: SPAN 336 or consent of the instructor. (D-I, RCH)
TESO 344 STUDIES IN LANGUAGE LEARNING AND TEACHING (4 credits) Combines theoretical foundations of second-language acquisition with practical classroom techniques and procedures. Examines principles of proficiency-oriented instruction, language functions, sociocultural variables, and comparison of first- and second-language acquisition.