*AAAS 114 INTRODUCTION TO AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDIES(3 credits) Entry-level course designed to introduce students to the field of African American Studies. Through a multi-disciplinary approach, identifies and examines major issues, topics and questions addressed in scholarly literature. (D-D)
AAAS 115 INTRODUCTION TO CREOLE (1-2 credits) Focuses on either Haitian or Martinican Creole. Builds basic oral and written communication skills and introduces relevant cultural aspects. On campus, the course is especially intended for students participating in the May Term program in Haiti but is open to all students with an interest in French Caribbean languages and communication. Off campus, the course is required for students participating in the Martinique program.
*AAAS 150 EARLHAM SEMINAR (4 credits) Offered for first-year students. Topics vary. (ES)
*AAAS 204 AFRICAN AMERICAN LITERATURE (4 credits) An introduction to the study of literature focusing on the works of Americans of Black African ancestry, with possible attention to works of African Caribbean and African Hispanic Americans. Special attention to major developments in form and themes, major writers and the evolution of an African American literary tradition. Introduction to issues of Black literary theory and criticism. Prerequisite: An Earlham Seminar, an Interpretive Practices course or consent of the instructor. Also listed as ENG 204. (WI, D-D)
*AAAS 230 HISTORY OF AFRICAN AMERICAN RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCES (4 credits) Survey of central historical events, people, and faith perspectives that have shaped African American (or “Black”) religious experiences in the United States. This course will pay particular attention to 1) the prominent roles that African American women and men of faith have played in the communal survival and wellbeing of Black folk and 2) the role of Black faith as a catalyst for the social, political and cultural transformation of American society. General historical terrain covered in the course includes the Middle Passage and “New World” Slavery; The Great Awakening and later revivals; Emancipation; Reconstruction; migration and urbanization; Jim/Jane Crow; Civil Rights; and Black Nationalism/Black Power. In addition to surveying the religious experiences of African Americans within major Protestant denominations, some attention will be paid to African American Catholicism, Pentecostalism, “sects” and “cults,” Judaism, Caribbean religion(s) in the U.S., Islam, and Black humanism. Also listed as REL 230. (D-D) (AY)
*AAAS 231 AFRICAN HISTORY TO 1880 (4 credits) Introduces students to Africa's long and varied past. Surveys the development of the continent from the Nile Valley civilization to the loss of independence in the 1880s. Topics include Africa as the site of the earliest human development, ancient Egypt's relationship to the rest of Africa, the influence of Islam, African states and empires, the Atlantic slave trade, the impact of European traders and missionaries, and the scramble for Africa in the 1880s. Prerequisite: An Interpretive Practices course or consent of the instructor. Also listed as HIST 231. (WI, D-I) (AY)
*AAAS 232 AFRICAN HISTORY SINCE 1880 (4 credits) Surveys the African loss of sovereignty and the establishment of European colonial dominance in Africa. Focuses on economic, political and social distortions resulting from foreign domination. Considers the impact of African reactions to these developments. Special attention to the struggle for independence and the re-emergence of independent African states. Prerequisite: An Earlham Seminar, an Interpretive Practices course or consent of the instructor. Also listed as HIST 232. (WI, D-I) (AY)
*AAAS 240 TOPICS IN AFRICAN AND AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDIES (3 credits) Studies in African and African American experiences through the analysis of selected topics. Emphasizes the development of information, interpretation and bibliography along with reading, writing and research skills. (D-D or D-I, depending upon topic)
*AAAS 250 UNDERSTANDING BOB MARLEY (4 credits) A research-based seminar in which students encounter the life, thought, legend and legacy of Bob Marley through biography, songs, interviews, essays and film. Investigates Marley's response to the challenges of the historical circumstances that forged his life's music for freedom, equality and social justice. How might we begin to fathom the depth, texture, complexity and influence of a natural mystic's rebel music? Questions, reading materials and course of study emerge from class discussion, independent study and collaborative projects. (WI)
*AAAS 255 AFRICAN AMERICAN PHILOSOPHY (4 credits) Explores the emergent experience of being black in America, considering the nature of justice, thinking about the meaning of identity and questioning freedom. Investigates, interprets and criticizes theories of race and racism, social elevation, civil disobedience, black feminism and other African American cultural themes. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or above. Also listed as PHIL 255. (D-D)
*AAAS 299 RELIGION AND CULTURE OF HIP HOP (4 credits) Bringing to bear written texts, music, film and other media sources, this course explores the definition and moral significance of Hip Hop as a religious and cultural phenomenon within popular culture. Specific issues explored in this course include the syncretism of religious symbols and sensibilities in Hip Hop; the racial, ethnic, sex-gendered, and class dynamics of Hip Hop; as well as the language and aesthetics of Hip Hop. Also listed as REL 299 and FILM 299. (D-D)
AAAS 309 PROPHETIC BLACK WOMEN (3 credits) This course is a study of Black religious women in the U.S., and how they wrote about their religious beliefs and experiences. Students will encounter leaders who changed or led established movements such as Zilpha Elaw and Jarena Lee, women who had religious visions such as Shaker Rebecca Cox Jackson, and literary writers who interrogated religious groups and practices such as Nella Larsen. Students will be asked to consider how religious belief and practice might shape the way people conceptualize what it means to be a Black woman in the U.S. Also listed as ENG 309 and REL 309.
*AAAS 324 RACE AND ETHNICITY IN THE U.S. (4 credits) Examines the pattern of changing social constructions of race and ethnicity in the U.S. and their profound effects on the political, social and economic lives of individuals and the country. Begins to untangle the historical roots of the social constructions of whiteness and race, and examines contemporary issues. Prerequisite: An Earlham Seminar, an Interpretive Practices course or consent of the instructor. Also listed as HIST 324. (D-D)
*AAAS 330 MASS INCARCERATION AND MORAL VISION (4 credits) A critical examination of the social functions and theories of contemporary criminal justice in the United States. Special attention to the collateral social consequences of the "prison industrial complex," paramilitary policing and the death penalty. Fosters moral interpretations that contribute to popular movements for positive change. Prerequisites: An Earlham Seminar and an Interpretive Practices course. Also listed as REL 330 and PAGS 331. (D-D) (AY)
*AAAS 333 GENDER AND SEXUALITY IN MUSLIM MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA (4 credits)The overarching goal of the course is to unpack the many ways in which Arab Muslims have embodied genders and to explore the range of intimate practices that constitute “sexuality” in the present and past. This course is decidedly interdisciplinary and is structured by categorical inquiry into the meanings and practices of gender and sexuality. Prerequisite: POLS 111. Also listed as POLS 333 and REL 333. (D-I)
*AAAS 340 ADVANCED TOPICS IN AFRICAN AND AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDIES (3 credits) Studies in African and African American experiences through the analysis of selected topics. Emphasizes the development of information, interpretation and bibliography along with reading, writing and research skills. (D-D or D-I, depending upon topic)
*AAAS 345 NEW VOICES: GERMANS OF COLOR (2 credits) Introduces students to texts written by Germans of African descent and by authors who have immigrated to the Federal Republic. Texts represent new and often unheard voices in German literature. Students explore issues that arise in a culturally diverse German society and examine how some of these issues are confronted. Also listed as GER 345. Course also offered in English. (D-I) (AY)
*AAAS 352 POLITICS OF AFRICA (3 credits) Explores topics in sub-Saharan African politics. After a brief overview of pre-colonial political systems and the struggles for independence, examines in depth issues of post-colonial governance, including distribution of political power, military involvement in politics and recent trends in democratization. Covers African societies and economies, domestic policy issues, international relations, and conflict and cooperation on the continent. Prerequisite: POLS 105 or consent of the instructor. Also listed as POLS 352 and INST 352. (D-I) (AY)
*AAAS 356 THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT (4 credits) Surveys the history of the modern southern Civil Rights Movement. Explores the struggles of the mid 1950s and 1960s when blacks and their white allies directly confronted Jim Crow segregation to gain full citizenship rights and economic opportunity. Focuses on mass movements, with some attention to other freedom struggles, particularly before the emergence of mass activism. Prerequisite: An Earlham Seminar, an Interpretive Practices course, or consent of the instructor. Also listed as HIST 356. (WI, D-D) (AY)
*AAAS 357 READINGS IN AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN'S HISTORY (3 credits) Explores select topics in the history of African American women from the era of antebellum slavery to the present, using such primary sources as slave narratives, autobiographies, documents and historical monographs. Topics include gender relations in the slave community, the gendered nature of slave resistance and rebellion, the politics of economic emancipation, women's activism and the role of women in the Civil Rights and Black Power movements. Also listed as HIST 357. (D-D) (AY)
*AAAS 359 AFRICAN DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP (3 credits) Explores the evolution of African dictatorship and asks whether democracy in sub-Saharan Africa is substantially different than democracy elsewhere in the world. Considers whether African countries' experimentation with different forms of governance — from civilian to military rule, from one-party states to multiparty democracies — has resulted in better governance. Prerequisite: POLS 105 or consent of the instructor. Also listed as POLS 359. (D-I)
*AAAS 362 MUSICS OF THE AFRICAN DIASPORA (3 credits) An introduction to the musical traditions of Africans who have emigrated to other continents, either by force or by choice, and those of their descendants. Primary focus on the United States; Brazil and France also considered. Explores the historical processes by which African American music was created and the idea of a diaspora as it applies to this body of music. Also listed as MUS 362. (D-I) (AY)
*AAAS 363 MUSICS OF AFRICA (3 credits) An introduction to a few of the different musics produced in Africa today and over the past few decades. Emphasizes music of selected parts of East and West Africa, with some consideration to music from North, South and Central Africa. Develops a sense of the geographical and cultural differences across the continent along with and understanding of such general issues as production, dissemination and reception of music. No particular background in music required. Also listed as MUS 363. (D-I) (AY)
*AAAS 368 AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY TO EMANCIPATION (4 credits) A survey of African Americans from the era of the Atlantic slave trade to the passage of the 13th Amendment. Topics include the paradox of the co-existence of slavery and freedom, the nature of the slave community, the issue of slave resistance and the role of free African Americans in the abolition movement. Relies on first-hand accounts and secondary materials. Also listed as HIST 368. (D-D) (AY)
*AAAS 369 AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY SINCE EMANCIPATION (4 credits) Surveys the history of African Americans from the era of Emancipation through the migrations that transformed blacks into a national, urban minority to the political, cultural and economic challenges in the era of conservatism. Topics include the struggle to define race and citizenship after the Civil War, the impact of migrations on black society and national politics, the consequences of the rise of a black industrial working class, campaigns for civil and human rights, and the emergence of the black power movement. Also listed as HIST 369. (D-D) (AY)
*AAAS 376 HISTORY OF WEST AFRICA (3 credits) Surveys the history of the Sudanic and forest regions of West Africa from c.1000 BCE to independence. Primarily emphasizes internal dynamics and external factors that shaped West Africa's development. Considers the cultural and social diversity of the region, the nature of the Sudanic and forest states, the importance of long-distance trade and Islam, the effects of the Atlantic slave trade, the impact of colonialism on African life, and the struggle for independence. Also listed as HIST 376. (D-I) (AY)
*AAAS 377 EAST AFRICA (4 credits) Surveys the history of East Africa (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) from the time of the great migration through independence. Among the issues addressed are the differences between coastal and inland developments, the rise of the Indian Ocean trading network, the emerging interior states, the appearance of coastal trading systems, the early European distribution of coastal societies, the development of plantation economics, the impact of colonialism, the variety in the decolonization movements and the coming of independence. Also listed as HIST 377. (D-I) (AY)
*AAAS 378 HISTORY OF SOUTH AFRICA (4 credits) Surveys the history of southern African society from the earliest times to the post apartheid era. Topics include the nature of early indigenous African societies, the entrenchment of European domination, the subjugation of African chiefdoms, the role of international capital in transforming the economy, African resistance to segregation and apartheid, and dismantling apartheid. Also listed as HIST 378. (D-I) (AY)
*AAAS 379 AMERICA AT MID-PASSAGE: CIVIL WAR AND ITS LEGACIES (4 credits) Research Credit. Focuses on 19th century issues leading to the Civil War and the multilayered legacy of the war, with particular attention to race and reunification. Examines the war's transformation of politics and the economy and the efforts of various groups to resist, control or reform a society in the throes of rapid change. Prerequisite: An Earlham Seminar, an Interpretive Practices course or consent of the instructor. Also listed as HIST 379. (WI) (AY)
*AAAS 382 PHILOSOPHY, RACE AND RACISMS (4 credits) Explores key moments in the history of western philosophy, disclosing the extent to which this history participates in the production of the concepts of race and racisms. Readings in classical, modern and contemporary discourses. Prerequisites: An Interpretive Practices course and one Philosophy course. Also listed as PHIL 382. (WI, D-D)
AAAS 440 FEMINIST / WOMANIST THEOLOGY (4 credits) Traces the histories of women in the church and explores the emergence of feminist/womanist theology in the 20th century. Focuses on current feminist/womanist thought and action in today's societies. Also listed as REL 440 and WGSS 440. (AY)
*AAAS 463 TOPICS IN AFRICAN AMERICAN LITERATURE (4 credits) Topics consider writers or literary movements as well as interdisciplinary or thematic concerns. For example: an exploration of the Slave Narrative and its influence on contemporary Black fiction or a close study of the Harlem Renaissance. Attention to the nonfiction prose of DuBois, Morrison, Lorde Baldwin. Prerequisite: ENG 302. Also listed as ENG 463. (D-D) (AY)
AAAS 481 INTERNSHIPS, FIELD STUDIES AND OTHER FIELD EXPERIENCES (1-3 credits)
AAAS 482 SPECIAL TOPICS (3 credits) Selected topics determined by the instructor for upper-level study.
AAAS 483 TEACHING ASSISTANTS (1-3 credits)
AAAS 484 FORD/KNIGHT RESEARCH PROJECT (1-4 credits) Collaborative research with faculty funded by the Ford/Knight Program.
AAAS 485 INDEPENDENT STUDY (1-3 credits) Investigation of a specific topic conceived and planned by the student in consultation with a faculty supervisor. Culminates in a comprehensive report prepared in the style of a thesis or research paper.
AAAS 488 SENIOR CAPSTONE EXPERIENCE / RESEARCH SEMINAR (2 credits per semester)Senior AAAS majors write a research thesis of high quality during the fall semester, then sit for an oral exam based on the completed research thesis during the spring semester. The thesis will focus on a selected topic in African, African American, Caribbean, or other Africa Diaspora life, history and/or culture. The thesis should reflect mastery of the selected subject of inquiry as well as critical thinking, writing and argumentation skills.